“The study that helps us to know where we are from and what progress we have achieved.
In short, our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya.
There are many means. Vedic chant where the student repeats exactly how the teacher recites the text is one. The means should respect our culture.
It must help explore our own background, our strengths and weaknesses and our progress.
Even a good teacher can be a mirror, a Svādhyāya.”
– T Krishnamacharya on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1…
We can approach these three concepts and the question of their relationship with practice from a chronological and within that, a psychological viewpoint. According to the Yoga teachings from T Krishnamacharya there are three chronological and accompanying psychological stages of life, or TriKrama.
1. The first Krama is the stage of growth and expansion known as SṛṣṭiKrama. Here, chronologically, the starting point is the age from …
तपः स्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि क्रियायोगः ॥१॥
tapaḥ svādhyāya-īśvara-praṇidhānāni kriyā-yogaḥ |
“The activities of Yoga are self-discipline, self-study and contemplation on the divine.” Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1
“The three Upāya to take control of our inability to see things clearly.
Tapas Recognising that changing certain things enables us to see.
So to create conditions so that you recognise yourself.
Working in the direction of rectification.
The means that will help us examine ourselves.
To accept certain realities.
We may fail, things may go wrong,
so to develop a certain sense of interested detachment.
To act to the best …
Svādhyāya example of Sādhana – Study to know something about oneself or others. Adhyayayana – To repeat exactly what is said by your teacher.
Based on three steps: Śravaṇam – Listen Mananam – Reflect
Nidhidhyāsanam – Go into what the teachers says.
‘Religiousness in Yoga: Lectures on Theory and Practice’ by the University Press of America,
a transcript of recordings of a one month Yoga Programme in Colgate University in 1976, published in 1980.
Unlike the later redacted edition, re-published in 1995 as the ‘Heart of Yoga: Developing a Personal Practice’, it captures the evolution of the retreat with the days lectures and Q & A dialogues as they alternated between ‘lectures on the principles and purposes of Yoga and discussions related to the practice of Yoga with special reference to the postures and the breathing techniques’.