Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali

Chapter 3 Title:

विभूतिपादः

vibhūti-pādaḥ

The section on Special Manifestation.

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Sūtra 1:

deśa-bandhaḥ-cittasya dhāraṇā ||1||

Concentration is binding the psyche to a place.

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Sūtra 2:

tatra pratyaya-ekatānatā dhyānam ||2||

There, the continuity of psychic activity is meditation.

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Sūtra 3:

tat-eva-artha-mātra-nirbhāsaṃ svarūpa-śūnyam-iva samādhiḥ ||3||

As if empty of one’s own character,
the purpose alone shines forth;
that indeed is integration.

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Sūtra 4:

trayam-ekatra saṃyamaḥ ||4||

The three in the same place is complete restraint.

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Sūtra 5:

tat-jayāt prajñā- ālokaḥ ||5||

From that mastery the splendour of knowing.

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Sūtra 6:

tasya bhūmiṣu viniyogaḥ ||6||

Its application is in stages.

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Sūtra 7:

trayam-antar-aṅgaṃ pūrvebhyaḥ ||7||

The three are the internal limb from the preceding.

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Sūtra 8:

tad-api bahir-aṅgaṃ nirbījasya ||8||

That also external limb to without seed.

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Sūtra 9:

vyutthāna-nirodha-saṃskārayoḥ abhibhava-prādurbhāvau nirodha-kṣaṇa-citta-anvayaḥ nirodha-pariṇāmaḥ ||9||

The disappearance of the tendency of rising up
is the appearance of the tendency of containment;
connective moments of containment in the psyche
is the transformation to containment.

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Sūtra 10:

tasya praśānta-vāhitā saṃskārāt ||10||

From that tendency a serene flow.

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Sūtra 11:

sarva-arthatā-ekāgratayoḥ kṣaya-udayau cittasya samādhi-pariṇāmaḥ ||11||

Transformation to integration is a diminishing of all objects
and arising of one pointedness in the psyche.

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Sūtra 12:

tataḥ punaḥ śānta-uditau tulya-pratyayau cittasya-ekāgratā-pariṇāmaḥ ||12||

Again from that transformation of one-pointedness in the psyche,
sameness of quiescent and uprisen psychic activities.

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Sūtra 13:

etena bhūta-indriyeṣu-dharma-lakṣaṇa-avasthā-pariṇāmā-vyākhyātāḥ ||13||

By this transformation is essential qualities,
characteristics and state in the elements and senses explained.

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Sūtra 14:

śānta-udita-avyapadeśya-dharma-anupātī dharmī ||14||

The substratum is following the past, uprisen
and undetermined essential qualities.

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Sūtra 15:

krama-anyatvaṃ pariṇāma-anyatve hetuḥ ||15||

Another sequence is the cause of another transformation.

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Sūtra 16:

pariṇāma-traya-saṃyamāt-atīta-anāgata-jñānam ||16||

Complete restraint on the three transformations,
knowledge of past and yet to come.

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Sūtra 17:

śabda-artha-pratyayānām-itaretara-adhyāsāt-saṃkaraḥ tat-pravibhāga-saṃyamāt-sarva-bhūta-rūta-jñānam ||17||

Overlapping, one with the other,
words, purpose, psychic activity, completely mixed;
complete restraint on separation of that,
knowledge of the cry of all beings.

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Sūtra 18:

saṃskāra-sākṣāt-karaṇāt-pūrva-jāti-jñānam ||18||

Effecting directly seeing tendencies,
knowledge of previous existences.

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Sūtra 19:

pratyasya para-citta-jñānam ||19||

Of psychic activity, knowledge of others psyche.

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Sūtra 20:

na ca tat-sālambanaṃ tasya-aviṣayī-bhūtatvāt ||20||

And not that supporting, its elementalism not object.

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Sūtra 21:

kāya-rūpa-saṃyamāt-tat-grāhya-śakti-stambhe cakṣuḥ prakāśa-asaṃprayoge-antar-dhānam ||21||

From complete restraint on form of body dissappearance;
that suspension of the power of what is to be grasped
is disengagement of the eye and light.

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Sūtra 22:

sa-upa-kramaṃ nirupa-kramaṃ ca karma tat-saṃyamāt-aparānta-jñānam-ariṣṭebhyaḥvā ||22||

Actions are near sequence or non-forming sequence;
complete restraint on that or portents,
knowledge of ultimate end.

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Sūtra 23:

maitrī-ādiṣu balāni ||23||

Friendliness and the rest, strengths.

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Sūtra 24:

baleṣu hasti-bala-ādīni ||24||

On strengths, elephant strength and so forth.

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Sūtra 25:

pravṛtti-āloka-nyāsāt-sūkṣma-vyavahita-viprakṛṣṭa-jñānam ||25||

Placing the splendour of finer cognition,
knowledge of subtle, concealed and distant.

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Sūtra 26:

bhuvana-jñānaṃ sūrye saṃyamāt ||26||

Complete restraint on the sun, knowledge of the world.

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Sūtra 27:

candre tārā-vyūha-jñānam ||27||

Knowledge of arrangement of stars from the moon.

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Sūtra 28:

dhruve tat-gati-jñānam ||28||

On pole star, knowledge of motion of that.

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Sūtra 29:

nābhi-cakre kāya-vyūha-jñānam ||29||

On navel wheel, knowledge of arrangement of body.

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Sūtra 30:

kaṇṭha-kūpe kṣut-pipāsā-nivṛttiḥ ||30||

On throat well, hunger, thirst cessation.

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Sūtra 31:

kūrma-nāḍyāṃ sthairyam ||31||

On tortoise channel, steadfastness.

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Sūtra 32:

mūrdha-jyotiṣi siddha-darśanam ||32||

On the light in the crown of the head, seeing accomplished ones.

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Sūtra 33:

prātibhāt-vā sarvam ||33||

Or, from intuition, all.

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Sūtra 34:

hṛdaye citta-saṃvit ||34||

On the heart, an understanding of the psyche.

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Sūtra 35:

sattva-puruṣayoḥ atyanta-asaṃkīrṇayoḥ pratyaya-aviśeṣaḥ bhogaḥ para-arthatvāt sva-artha-saṃyamāt-puruṣa-jñānam ||35||

Clarity and animating principle, absolutely unblended;
worldly experience is indistinct psychic activities;
complete restraint on purpose due to other and on own purpose,
knowing of the animating principle.

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Sūtra 36:

tataḥ prātibha-śrāvaṇa-vedana-ādarśa-āsvāda-vārtāḥ jāyante ||36||

From that are born intuitive hearing, touching, seeing, tasting, smelling.

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Sūtra 37:

te samādhau-upasargāḥ vyutthāne siddhayaḥ ||37||

These impediments to integration, accomplishments to turned outwards.

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Sūtra 38:

bandha-kāraṇa-śaithilyāt-pracāra-saṃvedanāt-ca cittasya para-śarīra-āveśaḥ ||38||

Relaxation of the cause for binding and experience of maifestation,
the psyche entering other body.

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Sūtra 39:

udāna-jayāt-jala-paṅka-kaṇṭaka-ādiṣu-asaṅgaḥ ukrāntiḥ ca ||39||

From mastery of the upward breath,
a going above and non-association with water, mud, thorns and so forth.

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Sūtra 40:

samāna-jayāt jvalanam ||40||

From mastery of the middle breath, glow.

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Sūtra 41:

śrotra-ākāśayoḥ saṃbandha-saṃyamāt-divyaṃ śrotram ||41||

From complete restraint of connection between ear and space;
divine hearing.

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Sūtra 42:

kāya-ākāśayoḥ saṃbandha-saṃyamāt-laghu-tūla-samāpatteḥ ca-ākāśa-gamanam ||42||

From complete restraint of relationship of body and space
and unity with lightness and cotton,
travel through space.

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Sūtra 43:

bahiḥ akalpitā vṛttiḥ mahā-videhā tataḥ prakāśa-āvaraṇa-kṣayaḥ ||43||

External non-imaginary fluctuation is the great discarnate,
hence the covering of the light diminishes.

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Sūtra 44:

sthūla-svarūpa-sūkṣma-anvaya-arthavattva-saṃyamāt-bhūta-jayaḥ ||44||

From complete restraint
grossness, own character, subtlety, connection, significance;
mastery of elements.

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Sūtra 45:

tataḥ aṇima-ādi-prādurbhāvaḥ kāya-saṃpat-tat-dharma-anabhigātaḥ ca ||45||

From that appearance of minuteness and so forth,
bodily perfection and not troubled by its essential qualities.

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Sūtra 46:

rūpa-lāvaṇya-bala-vajra-saṃhananatvāni kāya-saṃpat ||46||

Perfection of the body, graceful form, strength, adamantine robustness.

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Sūtra 47:

grahaṇa-svarūpa-asmitā-anvaya-arthavattva-saṃyamāt-indriya-jayaḥ ||47||

From complete restraint on
the process of grasping, own character,
sense of ‘I’ am-ness, connection, significance;
mastery of senses.

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Sūtra 48:

tataḥ manaḥ javitvaṃ vikaraṇa-bhāvaḥ pradhāna-jayaḥ ca ||48||

From that fleetness of mind,
becoming without instruments
and mastery over unevolved matter.

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Sūtra 49:

sattva-puruṣa-anyatā-khyāti-mātrasya sarva-bhāva-adhiṣthātṛtvaṃ sarva-jñātṛtvaṃ ca ||49||

Only recognition of difference of clarity and animating principle;
all becoming omnipotence and knowingness.

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Sūtra 50:

tat-vairāgyāt-api doṣa-bīja-kṣaye kaivalyam ||50||

That dispassion also diminish seed defect,
abstraction.

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Sūtra 51:

sthāni-upanimantraṇe saṅga-smaya-akaraṇaṃ punaḥ aniṣṭa-prasaṅgāt ||51||

When invitation from high position,
not effecting association and conceit,
again towards unwanted association.

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Sūtra 52:

kṣaṇa-tat-kramayoḥ samyamāt-viveka-jaṃ jñānam ||52||

From complete restraint on moment and sequence;
that knowing born of discrimination.

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Sūtra 53:

jāti-lakṣaṇa-deśaiḥ anyatā-anavacchedāt-tulyayoḥ tataḥ pratipattiḥ ||53||

From that ascertainment of sameness,
not separated by difference, existence, characteristics, place.

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Sūtra 54:

tārakaṃ sarva-viṣayaṃ sarvathā-viṣayam-akramaṃ ca-iti viveka-jaṃ jñānam ||54||

Thus knowing born of discrimination,
liberating all objects, objects in every way and non-sequential.

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Sūtra 55:

sattva-puruṣayoḥ śuddhi-sāmye kaivalyam ||55||

Equality of purity,
in clarity and animating principle,
is abstraction.

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Closing Verse:

इति पतञ्जल योग दर्षने विभूतिपादः

iti pātañjala yoga darśane vibhūti-pādaḥ

Thus Patañjali’s view of Yoga in the section on Special Manifestation.

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