Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 30

व्याधिस्त्यानसंशयप्रमादालस्याविरतिभ्रान्तिदर्शनालब्धभूमिकत्वानवस्थितत्वानि चित्तविक्षेपास्तेऽन्तरायाः ॥३०॥

vyādhi-styāna-saṃśaya-pramāda-ālasya-avirati-bhrānti-darśana-alabdha-bhūmikatva-anavasthitatvāni citta-vikṣepāḥ te-antarāyāḥ ||30||

These interventions which distract the psyche are:
disorder, dullness, doubt, carelessness, laziness, over-indulgence,
fallacious views, non-attainment of a stage and losing stability.

vyādhi - disorder, disease, ailmentstyāna - dullnesssaṃśaya - doubtpramāda - carelessnessālasya - lazinessavirati - over-indulgencebhrānti - fallaciousdarśana - view; seeingalabdha - non-attainmentbhūmikatva - of a stageanavasthitatvā - losing stabilitycitta - psyche; mind; heartvikṣepa - distractionte - theseantarāya - intervention, obstacle

Commentaries and Reflections

T Krishnamacharya:

In this Sūtra,
Patañjali lists the nine kinds of obstacles that are confronted by those who,
though fit and able to meditate on Īśvara, neglect to do so.

The power of the breath,
the power of the senses and
physical strength of the body are each distinct properties.
They should not work against each other
but rather contribute to each others well being.

Serious practitioners of Yoga from Vedic times to the present day
emphasise that a clear mind is a prerequisite for Bhakti and
that it is only through Bhakti that the true nature of the Jīva is revealed.
Bhakti, singe minded and abiding, is the mark of a certain unique relationship
characterised by unshakeable faith, absolute trust and boundless devotion.

Can these four Yoga Aṅga – YamaNiyamaĀsanaPrāṇāyāma
– be practiced by everyone at every stage of life?
How often and how long should one practice?
How can we adapt our practice to changing circumstances?
These questions and others like them must be answered by a competent teacher,
according to each student’s individual circumstances.

Paul Harvey:

These interventions that distract the psyche from attaining awareness are
disease,
dullness,
doubt,
carelessness,
laziness,
over-indulgence,
fallacious views,
non-attainment of a state and
losing stability.

Explain and develop the context of Antarāya in Yoga Sūtra Chapter One verse 29 and verse 30.
To Download or View this Question as a PDF Study Sheet

Inspirational Quote

“There are as many nights as days, and the one is just as long as the other in the year's course. Even a happy life cannot be without a measure of darkness, and the word 'happy' would lose its meaning if it were not balanced by sadness...” Carl Jung