viniyogaDevanāgarī: विनियोग Translation: application Similar words:yoga Opposite words:viyoga Related concepts:yoga, asat, sat
Appears inYoga Sūtra:
Chapter 3: 6
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“People come to study Yoga for many reasons,
however it comes into two groups.
1. They come to learn or study (Śikṣaṇa).
2. They come to us for support rather than to study (Rakṣaṇa).
So the Yoga we offer to the person who is inquiring
is not the Yoga we offer to the person seeking protection.
Therefore one can give the wrong advice (Asat viniyoga) to the right person
and vice versa (Asat viniyoga).
This can do more harm than if the person had not come.
The intention must be right as must be the execution.”
– TKV Desikachar Switzerland 1978
“The Ācārya has to examine the Sat viniyoga or Asat viniyoga,
the right offering or the wrong offering.
If the teacher is able to solve this problem
and establish that the students are serious,
then this is Sat viniyoga.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983
- Yukta Śikṣaṇa
The teaching must be appropriate to the intelligence of the individual.
- Grahaṇa Śikṣaṇa
Also able to absorb correctly what you have understood.
You must test them, confuse them to see if they have.
- Yukta Smaraṇa
The teacher should find out how much the person remembers
what they have understood.
- Yukta Abhyāsa
Is how much a person practices what he is given.
To see if he has learnt, understood and practiced.
- Yukta Anu Bhāva
Even practice can be mechanical, even if it is regular.
So how much you have learnt from the practice.
What it has taught you.
- Yukta Pracāram (skilful spreading)
Finally, you ask the person to transmit what they have received.
The transmission shows the Siddhi of the Sādhana.
This is viniyoga.
These outlines are valid whether Śikṣaṇa or Rakṣaṇa Krama.
If what is given is mechanical it is not viniyoga.
That is why the viniyoga spirit is very important these days.”
– TKV Desikachar France 1983
“It is not possible for everyone to reach the same level of meditation (Dhyānam),
even meditation should be taught or presented in stages (viniyoga).
It should be used at a level suitable to the student and gradually increased,
start simply and increase in complexity.
This is dependant on the growth of the student and according to the purpose.”
– From study notes with TKV Desikachar England 1992
“The spirit of viniyoga is starting from where one finds oneself.
As everybody is different and changes from time to time,
there can be no common starting point,
and ready-made answers are useless.
The present situation must be examined
and the habitually established status must be re-examined.”
– TKV Desikachar
The art of viniyoga presumes that
the five application principles of
what is being taught,
why it is being taught,
when it is being taught
where it is being taught and especially
how it is being taught,
are personally applicable and
socially relevant to
who is being taught.
“The viniyoga of Yoga is about a system to teach to a student,
rather than about students to teach a system to.”
“The viniyoga of Yoga is the art of
learning how to practice,
rather than what to practice.”
“viniyoga is not a term that can be applied to group class teaching.”
“The concept of the viniyoga of Yoga is a fundamental hallmark of the teachings of T Krishnamacharya and TKV Desikachar.
It is the application (viniyoga) of Yoga to the person rather than the person to Yoga.
It requires a profound understanding of only 3 numbers in order for it to work as intended by Krishnamacharya and Desikachar.
“I feel Krishnamacharya’s strength was not just in contexting ancient Yoga teachings or creating modern postural synthesises utilising Traditional Indian and Contemporary Western resources,
but in the viniyoga or application of Yoga to the individual student
I feel this was his greatest strength and finest grace with his potential to empower individual students into profound experiences of what Yoga is within and beyond the Pañca Maya.”
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