Yoga is more about looking inwards at what we fear most…….

Yoga is about looking inwards,
at what we fear most.
Rather than looking outwards,
at what we desire most.

When Kleśa are on the move, time should not be lost……

“When Kleśa are on  the move, time should not be lost.
Reflection is a must.
Reduction of all the factors that increase Rajas and Tamas,
including right food, company, study and Niyama is a must.
Without them,
reflection leading to a reduction of the power of Kleśa will not work.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 11

The Art of Sūtra Psychology – 2019 Module Three Study Course

The Art of Sūtra Psychology Course Module Three
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two – Sādhana Pādaḥ
March 30th/31st 2019 and June 22nd/23rd 2019

The 2019 Art of Sūtra Psychology Module Course Three is limited to a maximum of five students to allow for a personalised approach and in-depth transmission between teacher and student.

“The study that helps us to know where we are from
and what progress we have achieved.
In short, our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya.”
– T Krishnamacharya

Based in the Cotswolds, they are intended for those Yoga students who, having completed 
a Sūtra Psychology Module One Workshop, wish to explore, through a series of 4 day courses, the primary principles and teachings from T Krishnamacharya and TKV Desikachar on the Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two and how they inspire and guide our Yoga either for personal development or, if relevant, to enhance professional skills.

It is presented with the aim of reflecting the fundamentals of Śrī T Krishnamacharya’s teaching, namely, transmission occurs through the direct experience of the teacher with the students personal practice and study Sādhana. It is an opportunity for a Yoga student from any Yoga background or style to experience an in-depth exploration of chapter two of the Yoga Sūtra of Patāñjali over two weekends.

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The continued effort of the Breath is that which gives life……

Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 47
prayatna-śaithilya-ananta-samāpattibhyām |
Both relaxation of continued effort and unity in infinity.”

When working with the Breath in Āsana its perhaps less appealing initially,
but ultimately more attractive, satisfactory and effective,
to integrate  a focus of Samāpatti (Unity) of
Śaithilya (Relaxation) in Ananta (the Infinite),
through a developmental Sādhana (Means to Accomplish)
on the Siddhi (accomplishment) of Dīrgha or Length,
supported by Sūkṣma or Subtlety.

From Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 47 T Krishnamacharya taught that:
– the common denominator for successfully uniting (Samāpatti)
both (Bhyām) aspects of relaxation (Śaithilya) and the infinite (Ananta)
within the practice of Āsana is the Breath.
He saw it as Prayatna (continued effort)
and synonymous with Jīvana (giving life).
The continued effort of the Breath is that which gives life.

Our continued efforts with the Breath in Āsana
is that which helps enliven our various levels of interaction with
our inner and outer worlds as expressed through the Pañca Maya.

The Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali deals with the mind……

“The Yoga Sūtra of Patañjali deals with the mind.
It examines the different functions of the mind
and provides means to modify these functions
so that it serves the person in a very constructive way.
The means by which certain qualitative changes in the mind
are brought about is called Sādhanā.”
– TKV Desikachar on Śraddhā in the Yoga Sūtra

Ātma is the source of the sunlight in the Psyche.

Ātma is the source of the sunlight in the Psyche.”

The Art of Sūtra Psychology – 2018 Module Three Study Course

The Art of Sūtra Psychology Course Module Three
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two – Sādhana Pādaḥ
March 10/11th 2018 and July 7/8th 2018

The 2018 Art of Sūtra Psychology Module Course Three is limited to a maximum of five students to allow for a personalised approach and in-depth transmission between teacher and student.

“The study that helps us to know where we are from
and what progress we have achieved.
In short, our journey to our roots is Svādhyāya.”
– T Krishnamacharya

Based in the Cotswolds, they are intended for those Yoga students who, having completed 
a Sūtra Psychology Module One Workshop, wish to explore, through a series of 4 day courses, the primary principles and teachings from T Krishnamacharya and TKV Desikachar on the Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two and how they inspire and guide our Yoga either for personal development or, if relevant, to enhance professional skills.

It is presented with the aim of reflecting the fundamentals of Śrī T Krishnamacharya’s teaching, namely, transmission occurs through the direct experience of the teacher with the students personal practice and study Sādhana. It is an opportunity for a Yoga student from any Yoga background or style to experience an in-depth exploration of chapter two of the Yoga Sūtra of Patāñjali over two weekends.

“The way to better oneself is not to ponder over the past but to look ahead.
Even Duḥkha is a great teacher.
In fact it is the first and important step in the ladder of Viveka or clarity.
The greatness of Patañjali is to look at Duḥkha as the stepping stone to success.”
– T Krishnamacharya

A Sūtra study workbook with a verse by verse translation and word by word index for all the verses in chapter two is included as part of the Course Manual for all participating students.

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To understand and refine the mind Patañjali offers some specific tools….

Patanjali_B_and_W

“To understand and refine the mind Patañjali offers some specific tools.
These tools are based on the understanding that the human system is not
a set of distinct unrelated compartments but a very closely connected structure.
What happens in one part profoundly affects every area.
Therefore if we can bring some positive changes in one area,
positive changes ensue in other parts.”
– TKV Desikachar Madras 1996

Question to TKV Desikachar on Yama and Niyama:

TKV_France_1999

Question to TKV Desikachar on Yama and Niyama:

“The idea behind Yama and Niyama is the attitude we have to the inside and outside.
If I don’t know what is true there is no question of telling the truth.
However there is the intention, because one day it may become a reality.
Even though some of these things are not there in the beginning, if the intention is sincere then one day it will become an action if conditions and our psychological state change.
Yama as telling the truth also means discretion.”
TKV Desikachar France 1983

What is unpleasant is not desired…….

dvesa

“What is unpleasant is not desired.
The response of the mind is then to move away from it.
Whether in fact such a step did prevent Duḥkha is not immediately evident.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 8

Knowledge from the past prevails and influences me…..

asmita

“Knowledge from the past prevails and influences me to either judge or inquire.
Assuming my knowledge and my memory and I proceed is Asmitā Kleśa.
Assuming that I may be wrong and wishing to find out more is Asmitā Jñāna.
However to hesitate completely or question everything is Asmitā Kleśa.”
– TKV Desikachar commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 6

There is always Rāga, it just depends where we are in ourselves……

srimad_bhagavad_gita

There is always Rāga, it just depends where we are in ourselves in terms of a spectrum of being.
Thus Rāga can express itself within the spectrum of being as either a state of Jñāna Rāga
or a state of Kleśa Rāga or, as happens mostly, somewhere twixt the extremes of the two.
Either way according to TKV Desikachar’s teaching, progress is not possible without the drive of the emotional forces, they are the horses that pull the chariot.
As to which of the two paths (Jñāna Rāga or Kleśa Rāga) we find ourselves veering towards depends on our skill as a charioteer, coupled with our understanding of the nature of the forces/horses,
as well as the essential nature of the ‘food’ we ‘choose’ to feed them on.
Hence Desikachar’s quote:
“Each person has two forces Rāga and Dveṣa.
They are there to serve you, not you them.”
– TKV Desikachar on Bhagavad Gītā Chapter Three verse 34

Rāga – Something in us needs to be satisfied.

raga

Rāga – Something in us needs to be satisfied.”
– TKV Desikachar 1997 on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 7

All models for meditation have a preliminary step, Pūrva Aṅga……

dhyana
“All models for meditation have a preliminary step, Pūrva Aṅga,
in which one does things which lead to a situation where Dhyāna may be possible.
Dhyāna, then, the ability to pursue and fix a question,
also requires Pūrva Aṅga, preparation.”

“Proper preparation can involve eliminating divisive forces and
making certain the person is ready for the work.”

“Not everyone needs Pūrva Aṅga.

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How do we know that the Āsana has served its purpose?……

Āsana_24b

“How do we know that the Āsana  has served its purpose?”
From study notes with TKV Desikachar England 1992

Avidyā is anything else other than Vidyā.

avidya

Avidyā is anything else other than Vidyā.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 3
– TKV Desikachar January 1997

The arrangement of Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two involves four components….

Patanjali_3

“The arrangement of Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two involves four components:
1. Duḥkha
What is it that I want to avoid?
2. Avidyā/Saṃyoga
Association or from where has this come?
3. Kaivalya/Viveka
Where should we be in order to be free from this association?
4. Viveka/Aṣṭāṅga
What is the way?
What is the discipline that will give Viveka,
not just for a moment, but there all the time?
This is the place of Yoga.”
– TKV Desikachar January 9th 1999

Nothing destroys Vāsanā, only they become ineffective.

vasana

‎”Nothing destroys Vāsanā,
only they become ineffective.”
– TKV Desikachar January 11th 1995

We may have intellectual Vidyā, but in reality we follow……

avidya

“We may have intellectual Vidyā,
but in reality we follow some deeper force of Avidyā.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 3
– TKV Desikachar January 1997

In the Yoga Sūtra, the pre-eminent text on Dhyānam within Yoga……

patanjali-1

In the Yoga Sūtra, the pre-eminent text on Dhyānam within Yoga.

Book One is about the Process of the practice of Dhyānam;
Book Two is about the Preparation for the practice of Dhyānam;
Book Three is about the Outcome of the practice of Dhyānam;
Book Four is about the Goal of the practice of Dhyānam.

Where there is Duḥkha, there is Avidyā.

duhkha

‎”Where there is Duḥkha, there is Avidyā.”
– TKV Desikachar 1995

Svādhyāya is an inquiry into one’s true nature.

svadhyaya_2

“Svādhyāya is an inquiry into one’s true nature.”
– T Krishnamacharya’s commentary to Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

The three Upāya to take control of our inability to see things clearly…….

patanjali-1

तपः स्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि क्रियायोगः ॥१॥
tapaḥ svādhyāya-īśvara-praṇidhānāni kriyā-yogaḥ |
“The activities of Yoga are self-discipline, self-study and contemplation on the divine.”
Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

“The three Upāya to take control of our inability to see things clearly.

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It is not enough to clean a vessel, you must put something in.

kriyayoga

‎”It is not enough to clean a vessel,
you must put something in.”
– TKV Desikachar 1998 on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 1

All these Kleśa are variable in their potency……

“All these Kleśa are variable in their potency.
They can be so weak, that they hardly matter.
Sometime they take a feeble form, when they can be easily contained.
If not they rise to dominance.  When in domination, only one takes over.
For example in the most evolved stage when Rāga is dominant,
other Kleśa such as Dveṣa are not apparent.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary on Yoga Sūtra Chapter Two verse 4

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