Associated Yoga Texts Searchable Saṃskṛta Word Index Database

sanskrta

A lesser known facet of the Yoga Texts and Freenotes section of the Yoga Studies Website is the Yoga Texts Saṃskṛta Word Index. It started life as word by word linked index for the online Yoga Sūtra verses offering a meaning for each word and a cross Sūtra reference resource when exploring related contexts.

However as more Yoga Related Texts were added to the online Database it was obvious that the glossary needed to expand beyond the Yoga Sūtra to include Yoga related terms from other textual sources that matched or correlated with those in the Yoga Sūtra. So the glossary has expanded to include terms from Yoga related sources such as the Sāṃkhya Kārikā, the Bhagavad Gītā, the Gītārtha Saṃgraha and Haṭha Yoga Texts, though inevitably these will expand further over time.

Furthermore as well as the core word being shown in Romanised Saṃskṛta, it will be itemised in Devanāgarī script, along with a suggested translation or translations where the same word may have different meanings within different contexts. For example Dharma can mean ‘Essential Qualities’ as in Yoga Sūtra Chapter Three verse 13 or ‘Highest Duty’ as in Bhagavad Gītā Chapter Twelve verse 20.

This basic listing will be complemented by the addition of further sections offering live linked, cross referencing similar words, opposite words and related concepts. These listings will also include additional commentaries which will be resourced and drawn together as thematic trends, from the many posts around these topics on the Yoga Journal section of the website.

This will hopefully further help the reader navigate and utilise the ever increasing number of resources on offer.

An example of the glossary in action is illustrated below from the glossary around the word Jñāna, showing Romanised SaṃskṛtaDevanāgarī Script, Translations, Similar and Opposite Words, with Related Concepts, Textual Cross References and Collected Commentaries.

jñāna

Devanāgarīज्ञान

Translationknowledge
Opposite words: ajñānaajñāta

Related conceptsindriya

Appears in:

Yoga Sūtra:
Chapter 1:  8 ,  9 ,  38 ,  42
Chapter 2:  28
Chapter 3:  16 ,  17 ,  18 ,  19 ,  22 ,  25 ,  26 ,  27 ,  28 ,  29 ,  35 ,  52 ,  54
Chapter 4:  31

Sāṃkhya Kārikā: 44
Bhagavad Gītā:
Chapter 3:  41
Chapter 4:  title ,  10 ,  42 ,  41
Chapter 5:  17
Chapter 7:  title ,  2

Gītārtha Saṃgraha: 1 ,  2 ,  3

Commentaries around:

“What good is the sword of wisdom (Jñāna Asinā),
to cut away the chains of doubt (Saṃśaya),
if the holder is too weak to bear it.”
– T Krishnamacharya commentary on the Bhagavad Gītā Chapter 4 verse 42

“Jñānam is the wisdom of ‘I am that’.
Vijñānam is the discernment that ‘I am not this’ ‘I am not that’.”
– TKV Desikachar on Bhagavad Gītā Chapter Seven verse 2

“The five senses that transport experience from the outer to the inner are called the Jñāna Indriya,
or the senses through which we receive the world.”

Obviously it is going to take time to build up the glossary and add searchable online text entries beyond the Yoga Sūtra, initially from the Sāṃkhya Kārikā Online, the Bhagavad Gītā Online, the Gītārtha Saṃgraha Online, as well as cross categorise key words from each, in terms of similar, opposite and related.

Thus this glossary is a both work in progress and constantly ever-expanding in terms of further cross-references, textual cross links and commentaries. As it continues to develop your comments and suggestions on your experience and how it may be enhanced are very welcome via this link, thank you

Meanwhile thank you for your interest and my gratitude for the continuous guidance and inspiration of my good friend, web mentor and background boffin Ronen Hirsch, ever resourceful from his Romanian home, for his painstaking work in initially building the Saṃskṛta database, creating the coding so the words and textual verses can be easily entered online to appear as a live resources and adding options for in-line quotes and commentaries.

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