Svādhyāya example of Sādhana – Study to know something about oneself or others.
Adhyayayana – To repeat exactly what is said by your teacher.
Based on three steps:
Śravaṇam – Listen
Mananam – Reflect
Nidhidhyāsanam – Go into what the teachers says.
Japam – Repeating a Mantra reflecting on the meaning everyday a certain number of times.
Also question of prayer – Īśvara Praṇidhānāt.
Thinking about God according to the way you have been taught.
Dhyānam is considered both Sādhana and Siddhi.
Reflection – behind action and result.
The list is endless, all are Sādhana.”
– TKV Desikachar France August 1983