Sometimes Yoga is called Darśana Vijñāna……


The Concept of Darśana

Sometimes Yoga is called Darśana Vijñāna. Vijñāna means ‘to know things in detail, which involves also the techniques, the process of knowing, etc’.
It mean that not only we see things, we also know how to apply”

Darśana means ‘mirror, view, projection; showing something that we cannot normally see.’
For instance, the Six Darśana in Indian philosophy are six ways of seeing things.”

Yoga is a mirror of ourselves.
It is Darśana Vijñāna, the science of observation, not just doing Āsana.
ln teaching Yoga this implies:

– that we may not transmit exactly the way we have been taught.

– that we may not teach what we ourselves are doing.”

Darśana in Yoga is divided into two classes:

1. Samānya Darśana – when  one perceives at the ef­fect level in a superficial way.

2. Viṣeṣa Darśana – when it is possible to perceive at the cause  level.”

The aim in Yoga is to go from Samānya to Viṣeṣa.”

There are three means of observing at the Samānya level:

1. Pratyakṣa – perception through the senses .

2. Anumāna – from ‘smelling’ something, you infer, using the capacity for reflection.

3. Āgama – you accept what is said by an expert. Āgama is therefore the most defective way of observing. If you are conditioned to it, you become blind.”

When we are not able to see something,
It is either because something else is more obvious,
or because it is too close to us.”

In observing, we must remember a few more things:

“We can only observe when there is an inclination to do so.” (Yoga Sūtra C4 v17)

Because of our own memories, backgrounds, cultures, etc. Each person looks at the same problem differently, which may cause problems.”  (Yoga Sūtra C4 v15)

We must respect time and change, although the tendency nowadays is otherwise. We must wait and observe more than once so as not to be trapped by the fact that things appear like this one day and like that another day.”

The whole process of observing others and observing oneself is entirely different. Often we confuse the two. Ideally, when we observe others we should forget about ourselves.”

– TKV Desikachar 1981

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